Research Staff Courses Data Converters News
Marco Grassi, Ph.D.


Phone:
D floor: +39 0382 985226
A floor: +39 0382 985241

E-mail:
marco.grassi@unipv.it

Last Update:

Visits since last update:

Marco Grassi was born in Pavia, Italy, in 1976. After attending Liceo di Broni and Collegio Ghislieri, he graduated in Electronic Engineering (M.Sc.) at University of Pavia in 2002 with a final mark of 110/110, and pursued the Ph.D. degree in Industrial and Information Engineering in 2006. During 2001 he has been with Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, as intern undergraduate fellow in the Data Converters Group and since 2002 he has been with the Integrated Microsystems Laboratory (IMS) of the Electronics Department of University of Pavia, where he participated in high resolution and high speed mixed-signal circuits design and characterization. Since 2004 the research activity of Marco Grassi mainly turned its focus towards smart sensor interfaces, in particular for tin-oxide based gas sensors electronic noses. In this research area he participated at three national projects (PRIN) and at related European Network (GOSPEL) activities. He also worked on Large Format X-Ray Detector Read-Out for space applications ASICs within an ESA/Thales agreement in different design/characterization sessions. Since 2007, as Research Associate at the Sensors and Microsystems Laboratory (SMS) of the Electrical Engineering Department of University of Pavia, he is also involved in healthcare and homeland safety technology solutions with particular focus on Ambient Assisted Living (AAL). Such activities have been mainly carried out within Netcarity alliance, for which in 2008 he also contributed to the consortium training about Communication Technology and within other European AAL emerging consortia. He has been involved in the design of very low power MEMS pressure/acoustic/acceleration sensors read-out integrated circuits in cooperation with different microelectronics companies (Sensirion, Epcos - TDK, ST) and supervised the design of very low power (cycle-based) algorithmic ADCs for sensors. Currently he is engineering a multisensory system for food quality certification, a precision voltage reference and a X-Ray Silicon Drift Chamber (SDC) detector interface. Latest research activities are also in the energy harvesting field (magnetic/solar/thermoelectric) with particular focus on multi-source related power management for AAL, sports and healthcare applications. Marco Grassi has been Teaching Assistant of Mechanical and Thermal Measurements in 2011 and of Electrical Measurements in 2012. He is a member of IEEE since 2004 and reviewer of IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement journal since 2007. MG is also associated to Electrical and Electronic Measurements Group (GMEE) and to Audio Engineering Society (AES). He is author of 80 publications: 4 book chapters, 11 papers published in International Journals, 41 papers presented at International Conferences, 6 short-chapter contributions, and 18 specific Measurements/AAL Congress works with published proceedings. He received the best oral presentation award at AISEM 2009 and has been supervisor assistant in 11 MS/Ph.D. Thesis Works. Marco Grassi has been temporary manager for Solid State Arts industrial project and TPC member of ForitAAL congress in 2010, being instead Chairman of different IEEE Sensors Conference Sessions in 2011. He is University of Pavia Campus Post-Docs Delegate since 2011, principal consultant at emerging Microelectronics Company since 2012, and TPC member of PRIME 2013.

Publications

    Thesis works

PhD - Wide Dynamic Range CMOS Interface Circuits for Resistive Gas Sensors

MSc - Problematiche Progettuali nei Convertitori A/D ad Alta VelocitÓ ed Elevata Risoluzione

    Book chapters

  1. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2010). Fundamental Limitations in Resistive Wide Range Gas-Sensor Interface Circuits Design. In: P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto, A. D‘Amico, C. Di Natale. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 25-40, Dordrecht:Springer, ISBN: 9789048136056, doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-3606-3_3

  2. M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati, A. Leone, G. Diraco, C. Distante, P. Siciliano, M. Malfatti, L. Gonzo, V. Libal, J. Huang, G. Potamianos (2010). A Multisensor System for High Reliability People Fall Detection in Home Environment. In: P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto, A. D'Amico, C. Di Natale. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 391-394, Dordrecht:Springer, ISBN: 9789048136056, doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-3606-3_79

  3. M. Grassi, V. Ferragina, P. Malcovati, S. Caccia, G. Bertuccio, D. Martin, P. Bastia, I. Cappelluti, N. Ratti (2010). A 32x32-Channels Chip for X-Ray Pixel Detector Read-Out. In: P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto, A. D‘Amico, C. Di Natale. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 307-310, Dordrecht:Springer, ISBN: 9789048136056, doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-3606-3_60

  4. D. Cartasegna, A. Cito, F. Conso, A. Donida, M. Grassi, L. Malvasi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati (2010). Smart RFID-Label for Monitoring the Preservation Conditions of Food. In: P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto, A. D‘Amico, C. Di Natale. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 381-385, Dordrecht:Springer, ISBN: 9789048136056, doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-3606-3_77

  5. International journal papers

  6. P. Malcovati, M. Grassi, A. Baschirotto. Towards High-Dynamic Range CMOS Integrated Interface Circuits for Gas Sensors. SENSORS AND ACTUATORS. B, CHEMICAL, ISSN: 0925-4005, doi: 10.1016/J.SNB.2012.10.019

  7. M. Feroci, L. Stella, M. van der Klis, T. J. L. Courvoisier, M. Hernanz, R. Hudec, A. Santangelo, D. Walton, A. Zdziarski, D. Barret, T. Belloni, J. Braga, S. Brandt, C. Budtz-J°rgensen, S. Campana, J. W. den Herder, J. Huovelin, G. L. Israel, M. Pohl, P. Ray, A. Vacchi, S. Zane, A. Argan, P. AttinÓ, G. Bertuccio, E. Bozzo, R. Campana, D. Chakrabarty, E. Costa, A. De Rosa, E. Del Monte, S. Di Cosimo, I. Donnarumma, Y. Evangelista, D. Haas, P. Jonker, S. Korpela, C. Labanti, P. Malcovati, R. Mignani, F. Muleri, M. Rapisarda, A. Rashevsky, N. Rea, A. Rubini, C. Tenzer, C. Wilson-Hodge, B. Winter, K. Wood, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, M. A. Abramowicz, M. A. Alpar, D. Altamirano, J. M. Alvarez, L. Amati, C. Amoros, L. A. Antonelli, R. Artigue, P. Azzarello, M. Bachetti, G. Baldazzi, M. Barbera, C. Barbieri, S. Basa, A. Baykal, R. Belmont, L. Boirin, V. Bonvicini, L. Burderi, M. Bursa, C. Cabanac, E. Cackett, G. A. Caliandro, P. Casella, S. Chaty, J. Chenevez, M. J. Coe, A. Collura, A. Corongiu, S. Covino, G. Cusumano, F. D'Amico, S. Dall'Osso, D. De Martino, G. De Paris, G. Di Persio, T. Di Salvo, C. Done, M. Dovčiak, A. Drago, U. Ertan, S. Fabiani, M. Falanga, R. Fender, P. Ferrando, D. Della Monica Ferreira, G. Fraser, F. Frontera, F. Fuschino, J. L. Galvez, P. Gandhi, P. Giommi, O. Godet, E. G÷ǧŘş, A. Goldwurm, D. G÷tz, M. Grassi, P. Guttridge, P. Hakala, G. Henri, W. Hermsen, J. Horak, A. Hornstrup, J. J. M. in’t Zand, J. Isern, E. Kalemci, G. Kanbach, V. Karas, D. Kataria, T. Kennedy, D. Klochkov, W. Kluźniak, K. Kokkotas, I. Kreykenbohm, J. Krolik, L. Kuiper, I. Kuvvetli, N. Kylafis, J. M. Lattimer, F. Lazzarotto, D. Leahy, F. Lebrun, D. Lin, N. Lund, T. Maccarone, J. Malzac, M. Marisaldi, A. Martindale, M. Mastropietro, J. McClintock, I. McHardy, M. Mendez, S. Mereghetti, M. C. Miller, T. Mineo, E. Morelli, S. Morsink, C. Motch, S. Motta, T. Mu˝oz-Darias, G. Naletto, V. Neustroev, J. Nevalainen, J. F. Olive, M. Orio, M. Orlandini, P. Orleanski, F. Ozel, L. Pacciani, S. Paltani, I. Papadakis, A. Papitto, A. Patruno, A. Pellizzoni, V. Petrßček, J. Petri, P. O. Petrucci, B. Phlips, L. Picolli, A. Possenti, D. Psaltis, D. Rambaud, P. Reig, R. Remillard, J. Rodriguez, P. Romano, M. Romanova, T. Schanz, C. Schmid, A. Segreto, A. Shearer, A. Smith, P. J. Smith, P. Soffitta, N. Stergioulas, M. Stolarski, Z. Stuchlik, A. Tiengo, D. Torres, G. T÷r÷k, R. Turolla, P. Uttley, S. Vaughan, S. Vercellone, R. Waters, A. Watts, R. Wawrzaszek, N. Webb, J. Wilms, L. Zampieri, A. Zezas, J. Ziolkowski (2012). The Large Observatory for X-Ray Timing (LOFT). EXPERIMENTAL ASTRONOMY, vol. 34, p. 415-444, ISSN: 0922-6435, doi: 10.1007/S10686-011-9237-2

  8. L. Picolli, M. Grassi, A. Fornasari, P. Malcovati (2011). A 1.0-mW, 71-dB SNDR, Fourth-Order Sigma-Delta Interface Circuit for MEMS Microphones. ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, vol. 66, p. 223-233, ISSN: 0925-1030, doi: 10.1007/S10470-010-9516-2

  9. R. Campana, G. Zampa, M. Feroci, A. Vacchi, V. Bonvicini, E. Del Monte, Y. Evangelista, F. Fuschino, C. Labanti, M. Marisaldi, F. Muleri, L. Pacciani, M. Rapisarda, A. Rashevsky, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, N. Zampa, G. Baldazzi, E. Costa, I. Donnarumma, M. Grassi, F. Lazzarotto, P. Malcovati, M. Mastropietro, E. Morelli, L. Picolli (2011). Imaging Performance of a Large-Area Silicon Drift Detector for X-Ray Astronomy. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, vol. 633, p. 22-30, ISSN: 0168-9002, doi: 10.1016/J.NIMA.2010.12.237

  10. G. Zampa, R. Campana, M. Feroci, A. Vacchi, V. Bonvicini, E. Del Monte, Y. Evangelista, F. Fuschino, C. Labanti, M. Marisaldi, F. Muleri, L. Pacciani, M. Rapisarda, A. Rashevsky, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, N. Zampa, G. Baldazzi, E. Costa, I. Donnarumma, M. Grassi, F. Lazzarotto, P. Malcovati, M. Mastropietro, E. Morelli, L. Picolli (2011). Room-Temperature Spectroscopic Performance of a Very-Large Area Silicon Drift Detector. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, vol. 633, p. 15-21, ISSN: 0168-9002, doi: 10.1016/J.NIMA.2010.12.129

  11. A. Lombardi, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, S. Capone, L. Francioso, P. Siciliano, A. Baschirotto (2009). A CMOS Integrated Interface Circuit for Metal-Oxide Gas Sensors. SENSORS AND ACTUATORS. B, CHEMICAL, vol. 142, p. 82-89, ISSN: 0925-4005, doi: 10.1016/J.SNB.2009.07.030

  12. A. Baschirotto, S. Capone, A. D'Amico, C. Di Natale, V. Ferragina, G. Ferri, L. Francioso, M. Grassi, N. Guerrini, P. Malcovati, E. Martinelli, P. Siciliano (2008). A Portable Integrated Wide-Range Gas Sensing System with Smart A/D Front-End. SENSORS AND ACTUATORS. B, CHEMICAL, vol. 130, p. 164-174, ISSN: 0925-4005, doi: 10.1016/J.SNB.2007.07.144

  13. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, L. Francioso, P. Siciliano, A. Baschirotto (2008). Integrated Interface Circuit with Multiplexed Input and Digital Output for a 5x5 SnO2 Thick Film Gas-Sensor Matrix. SENSORS AND ACTUATORS. B, CHEMICAL, vol. 132, p. 568-575, ISSN: 0925-4005, doi: 10.1016/J.SNB.2007.11.045

  14. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2007). A 141-dB Dynamic Range CMOS Gas-Sensor Interface Circuit without Calibration with 16-Bit Digital Output Word. IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, vol. 42, p. 1543-1554, ISSN: 0018-9200, doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2007.899087

  15. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2007). A 160 dB Equivalent Dynamic Range Auto-Scaling Interface for Resistive Gas Sensors Arrays. IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, vol. 42, p. 518-528, ISSN: 0018-9200, doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2006.891724

  16. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2005). A High-Precision Wide-Range Front-End for Resistive Gas Sensors Arrays. SENSORS AND ACTUATORS. B, CHEMICAL, vol. 111, p. 281-285, ISSN: 0925-4005, doi: 10.1016/J.SNB.2005.03.103

  17. International conference proceedings

  18. A. Lazzarini Barnabei, M. Grassi, E. Dallago, P. Malcovati, D. G. Finarelli, A. Liberale, F. Quaglia (2012). A Wireless Irradiance-Temperature-Humidity Sensor for Photovoltaic Plant Monitoring Applications. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘12). Taipei, Taiwan, October 2012, p. 570-573, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781457717673

  19. M. Grassi, L. Picolli, F. Conso, P. Malcovati, G. F. Regnicoli, G. Perretti (2012). Integrated Multi-Sensor Circuit for Environmental Data Tracing in Safe Food Storage and Delivery: The Sliced Emmental Cheese Case Study. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘12). Taipei, Taiwan, October 2012, p. 1886-1889, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781457717673

  20. F. Conso, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2012). Reconfigurable Integrated Wide-Dynamic-Range Read-Out Circuit for MOX Gas-Sensor Grids Providing Local Temperature Regulation. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘12). Taipei, Taiwan, October 2012, p. 1822-1825, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781457717673

  21. G. Diraco, A. Leone, P. Siciliano, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati (2012). A Multi-Sensor System for Fall Detection in Ambient Assisted Living Contexts. In: -. Proceedings of International Conference on Sensor Networks (SENSORNETS ‘12). Rome, February 2012, p. 213-219, Lisbon:Science and Technology Publications (SciTePress), ISBN: 9789898565013

  22. F. Conso, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2011). A Very High Dynamic Range Interface Circuit for Resistive Gas Sensor Matrix Read-Out. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS ‘11). Rio de Janeiro, May 2011, p. 2209-2212, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424494736, doi: 10.1109/ISCAS.2011.5938039

  23. C. Labanti, G. Baldazzi, P. Malcovati, G. Bertuccio, M. Feroci, G. Zampa, M. Grassi, L. Picolli, Y. Evangelista, F. Fuschino, M. Marisaldi, E. Morelli, R. Campana, E. Del Monte, L. Pacciani, F. Muleri, E. Costa, I. Donnarumma, F. Lazzarotto, M. Rapisarda, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, N. Zampa, A. Rashevsky, A. Vacchi, S. Cappelli, F. Navarria, P. Rossi (2011). Characterization of an ASIC Front-End Electronics Dedicated to the Silicon Drift Detectors. In: -. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Records (NSS ‘11). Valencia, Spain, October 2011, p. 648-652, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781467301183, doi: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2011.6153984

  24. D. Cartasegna, F. Conso, A. Donida, M. Grassi, L. Picolli, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati, G. Perretti, G. F. Regnicoli (2011). Integrated Microsystem with Humidity, Temperature and Light Sensors for Monitoring the Preservation Conditions of Food. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘11). Limerick, October 2011, p. 1859-1862, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424492909, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2011.6127283

  25. A. Lazzarini Barnabei, M. Grassi, D. Pinna, E. Dallago, P. Malcovati, G. Ricotti (2011). Integrated Self-Supplied System for Environmental Temperature Sensing. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘11). Limerick, October 2011, p. 1249-1252, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424492909, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2011.6127308

  26. E. Dallago, A. Danioni, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, M. Marchesi, G. Venchi (2011). Multi-Cycle 0.35-μm CMOS Integrated Electronic Interface Circuit for Energy Harvesting Systems. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘11). Limerick, October 2011, p. 1901-1904, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424492909, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2011.6127398

  27. G. Perretti, G. F. Regnicoli, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati (2011). Study of an RFID Smart Label for Food Quality and Safety. In: -. Proceedings of International Multiconference on Engineering and Technological Innovation (IMETI ‘11). Orlando, July 2011, p. 1-5, Winter Garden:International Institute of Informatics and Systemics, ISBN: 9781934272695

  28. L. Picolli, S. Caccia, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, G. Bertuccio (2010). A 32-Channel ASIC for X-Ray Detectors. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS ‘10). Athens, Greece, December 2010, p. 809-812, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424481552, doi: 10.1109/ICECS.2010.5724635

  29. M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, M. Ferri, P. Malcovati, A. Leone, G. Diraco, P. Siciliano, M. Malfatti, L. Gonzo (2010). An Integrated System for People Fall-Detection with Data Fusion Capabilities Based on 3D ToF Camera and Wireless Accelerometer. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘10). Waikoloa, USA, October 2010, p. 1016-1019, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424481682, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2010.569074

  30. R. Campana, M. Feroci, A. Vacchi, C. Labanti, G. Zampa, E. Del Monte, Y. Evangelista, F. Muleri, L. Pacciani, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, E. Costa, I. Donnarumma, F. Lazzarotto, M. Mastropietro, E. Morelli, M. Rapisarda, F. Fuschino, M. Marisaldi, V. Bonvicini, A. Rashevsky, N. Zampa, F. Perotti, L. Amati, F. Frontera, L. A. Antonelli, F. Fiore, G. L. Israel, F. Nicastro, M. Orlandini, G. Baldazzi, L. Picolli, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati (2010). Concept for an Innovative Wide-Field Camera for X-Ray Astronomy. In: -. Proceedings of SPIE Space Telescopes and Instrumentation. San Diego, July 2010, vol. 7732, p. 77324L-1-77324L-8, Bellingham:International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE), ISBN: 9780819482228, doi: 10.1117/12.857254

  31. I. Donnarumma, R. Campana, L. Stella, G. L. Israel, M. Feroci, T. Belloni, S. Campana, E. Costa, E. Del Monte, Y. Evangelista, C. Labanti, F. Muleri, M. Rapisarda, A. Rashevsky, A. Vacchi, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, P. AttinÓ, G. Baldazzi, G. Bertuccio, V. Bonvicini, E. Bozzo, L. Burderi, A. Corongiu, S. Covino, S. Dall’Osso, D. De Martino, T. Di Salvo, F. Fuschino, M. Grassi, F. Lazzarotto, P. Malcovati, M. Marisaldi, S. Mereghetti, M. Orio, A. Pellizzoni, L. Pacciani, A. Papitto, L. Picolli, P. Porta, A. Possenti, P. Soffitta, R. Turolla, L. Zampieri (2010). High Resolution X-ray Timing from a LOFT. POS PROCEEDINGS OF SCIENCE, In: High Time Resolution Astrophysics (HTRA IV '10). Agios Nikolaos, Greece, May 2010, p. 043-1-043-9, ISSN: 1824-8039

  32. M. Feroci, L. Stella, A. Vacchi, C. Labanti, M. Rapisarda, P. AttinÓ, T. Belloni, R. Campana, S. Campana, E. Costa, E. Del Monte, I. Donnarumma, Y. Evangelista, G. L. Israel, F. Muleri, P. Porta, A. Rashevsky, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, G. Baldazzi, G. Bertuccio, V. Bonvicini, E. Bozzo, L. Burderi, A. Corongiu, S. Covino, S. Dall'Osso, D. de Martino, S. Di Cosimo, G. Di Persio, T. Di Salvo, F. Fuschino, M. Grassi, F. Lazzarotto, P. Malcovati, M. Marisaldi, M. Mastropietro, S. Mereghetti, E. Morelli, M. Orio, A. Pellizzoni, L. Pacciani, A. Papitto, L. Picolli, A. Possenti, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, R. Turolla, L. Zampieri (2010). LOFT: A Large Observatory for X-Ray Timing. In: -. Proceedings of SPIE Space Telescopes and Instrumentation. San Diego, July 2010, vol. 7732, p. 77321V-1-77321V-14, Bellingham:International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE), ISBN: 9780819482228, doi: 10.1117/12.857337

  33. M. Ferri, D. Pinna, M. Grassi, E. Dallago, P. Malcovati (2010). Model of Integrated Micro Photovoltaic Cell Structures for Harvesting Supplied Microsystems in 0.35-Ám CMOS Technology. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘10). Waikoloa, USA, October 2010, p. 232-235, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424481682, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2010.5690466

  34. P. Bastia, G. Bertuccio, S. Caccia, I. Cappelluti, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, D. Martin, N. Ratti (2010). STARX32: A Complete On-Chip X-Ray Spectroscopy Readout System with Imaging Capability. In: -. Proceedings of International Workshop on Analogue and Mixed-Signal Integrated Circuits for Space Applications (AMICSA ‘10). Noordwijk, The Netherlands, September 2010, p. 44-51, NOORDWIJK:ESA

  35. G. Zampa, A. Vacchi, M. Feroci, C. Labanti, V. Bonvicini, A. Rashevsky, N. Zampa, R. Campana, E. Del Monte, Y. Evangelista, F. Muleri, L. Pacciani, A. Rubini, P. Soffitta, E. Costa, I. Donnarumma, F. Lazzarotto, M. Mastropietro, E. Morelli, M. Rapisarda, F. Fuschino, M. Marisaldi, G. Baldazzi, L. Picolli, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati (2010). X-Ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Performance of a Large Area Silicon Drift Chamber for Wide-Field X-Ray Astronomy Applications. In: -. Proceedings of SPIE Space Telescopes and Instrumentation. San Diego, July 2010, vol. 7732, p. 77324M-1-77324M-8, Bellingham:International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE), ISBN: 9780819482228, doi: 10.1117/12.857292

  36. L. Picolli, M. Grassi, L. Rosson, P. Malcovati, A. Fornasari (2009). A 1.0 mW, 71 dB SNDR, -1.8 dBFS Input Swing, Fourth-Order Sigma-Delta Interface Circuit for MEMS Microphones. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE European Solid-State Circuits Conference (ESSCIRC ‘09). Athens, Greece, September 2009, p. 324-327, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424443543, doi: 10.1109/ESSCIRC.2009.5325950

  37. M. Grassi, V. Ferragina, P. Malcovati, S. Caccia, G. Bertuccio, D. Martin, P. Bastia, I. Cappelluti, N. Ratti (2009). A 32x32 Channels, 3-cm^2, 555-mW Chip for X-Ray Pixel Detector Read-Out. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS ‘09). Hammamet, Tunisia, December 2009, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424450909, doi: 10.1109/ICECS.2009.5410981

  38. L. Picolli, M. Grassi, L. Rosson, A. Fornasari, P. Malcovati (2009). A Fourth-Order, Audio-Bandwidth, 87.5-dB SNDR Sigma-Delta Modulator for MEMS Microphones. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS ‘09). Taipei, Taiwan, May 2009, p. 1325-1328, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424438273, doi: 10.1109/ISCAS.2009.5118008

  39. P. Siciliano, A. Leone, G. Diraco, C. Distante, M. Malfatti, L. Gonzo, M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati (2009). A Networked Multisensor System for Ambient Assisted Living Application. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Workshop on Advances in Sensors and Interfaces (IWASI ‘09). Trani, Italy, June 2009, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424447084, doi: 10.1109/IWASI.2009.5184784

  40. U. Weimar, R. Simpson, N. Barsan, T. Heine, W. Simmendinger, M. Malfatti, B. Margesin, L. Gonzo, M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, P. Malcovati, A. Leone, G. Diraco, P. Siciliano, O. v. Sicard, R. Pohle, M. Fleischer, A. Redaelli, A. Giacosi, C. Bonassi (2009). Microsystem Technology for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL). PROCEDIA CHEMISTRY, In: Eurosensors (Eurosensors ‘09). Lausanne, September 2009, vol. 1, p. 710-713, ISSN: 1876-6196, doi: 10.1016/J.PROCHE.2009.07.177

  41. D. Cartasegna, A. Cito, F. Conso, A. Donida, M. Grassi, L. Malvasi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati (2009). Smart RFID Label for Monitoring the Preservation Conditions of Food. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS ‘09). Taipei, Taiwan, May 2009, p. 1161-1164, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424438273, doi: 10.1109/ISCAS.2009.5117967

  42. A. Lombardi, M. Ferri, G. Rescio, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati (2009). Wearable Wireless Accelerometer with Embedded Fall-Detection Logic for Multi-Sensor Ambient Assisted Living Applications. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘09). Christchurch, New Zealand, October 2009, p. 1967-1970, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424445486, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2009.5398327

  43. A. Lombardi, M. Grassi, L. Bruno, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2008). A Fully Integrated Interface Circuit for 1.5░C Accuracy Temperature Control and 130-dB Dynamic-Range Read-Out of MOX Gas Sensors. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE European Solid-State Circuits Conference (ESSCIRC '08). Edinburgh, UK, September 2008, p. 78-81, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424423613, doi: 10.1109/ESSCIRC.2008.4681796

  44. M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati, M. Malfatti, L. Gonzo, A. Leone, G. Diraco, C. Distante, P. Siciliano, V. Libal, J. Huang, G. Potamianos (2008). A Hardware-Software Framework for High-Reliability People Fall Detection. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors '08). Lecce, Italy, October 2008, p. 1328-1331, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424425808, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2008.4716690

  45. A. Leone, G. Diraco, C. Distante, P. Siciliano, M. Malfatti, L. Gonzo, M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati, V. Libal, J. Huang, G. Potamianos (2008). A Multi-Sensor Approach for People Fall Detection in Home Environment. In: -. Proceedings of Workshop on Multi-Camera and Multi-Modal Sensor Fusion Algorithms and Applications, European Conference on Computer Vision (M2SFA2-ECCV ‘08). Marseille, France, October 2008, Rocquencourt:INRIA

  46. M. Casubolo, M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, F. Maloberti, P. Malcovati (2008). A Two-Bit-per-Cycle Successive-Approximation ADC with Background Offset Calibration. In: -. Proceedings of the 15th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems. St. Julien's, September 2008, p. 650-653, Piscataway:IEEE, doi: 10.1109/ICECS.2008.4674937

  47. A. Lombardi, M. Grassi, L. Bruno, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2008). An Interface Circuit for Temperature Control and Read-Out of Metal Oxide Gas Sensors. In: -. Proceedings of Ph. D. Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME '08). Istanbul, Turkey, June 2008, p. 197-200, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424419838, doi: 10.1109/RME.2008.4595759

  48. A. Lombardi, L. Bruno, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, S. Capone, L. Francioso, P. Siciliano, A. Baschirotto (2008). Integrated Read-Out and Temperature Control Interface with Digital I/O for a Gas-Sensing System Based on a SnO2 Microhotplate Thin Film Gas Sensor. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors '08). Lecce, Italy, October 2008, p. 596-599, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424425808, doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2008.4716510

  49. A. Baschirotto, E. Dallago, V. Ferragina, M. Ferri, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, M. Marchesi, E. Melissano, M. Morelli, A. Rossini, S. Ruzza, P. Siciliano, G. Venchi (2007). A CMOS 2D Micro-Fluxgate Earth Magnetic Field Sensor with Digital Output. In: -. IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2007 (ISSCC 2007). San Francisco, USA, February 2007, p. 390-391, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9781424408535, doi: 10.1109/ISSCC.2007.373458

  50. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, L. Francioso, P. Siciliano, A. Baschirotto (2007). Integrated Interface Circuit with Multiplexed Input and Digital Output for a 5x5 SnO2 Gas Sensor Matrix. In: -. Transducers and Eurosensors Digest of Technical Papers (Transducers ‘07). Lyon, France, 10-14 June 2007, vol. 2, p. 2023-2026, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), doi: 10.1109/SENSOR.2007.4300560

  51. A. Baschirotto, S. Capone, A. De Marcellis, C. Di Natale, V. Ferragina, G. Ferri, L. Francioso, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, E. Martinelli, P. Siciliano, V. Stornelli, N. Guerrini (2006). A Portable Integrated Wide-Range Gas Sensing System with Smart A/D Front-End. In: -. Proceedings of International Meeting on Chemical Sensors (IMCS ‘06). Brescia, Italy, July 2006, Brescia:IMCS

  52. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2006). An Uncalibrated 141dB Dynamic-Range CMOS Gas-Sensor Interface with 16-Bit Digital Output. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE European Solid-State Circuits Conference (ESSCIRC ‘06). Montreux, Switzerland, September 2006, p. 235-238, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), doi: 10.1109/ESSCIR.2006.307574

  53. M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, V. Ferragina, P. Malcovati, S. Capone, L. Francioso, P. Siciliano, A. Baschirotto (2006). Gas-Sensor Interface Circuit Based on Calibration Free Novel Frequency Measurement Approach with 16-Bit Digital Output. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors '06). Daegu, Korea, October 2006, p. 220-223, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2007.35576

  54. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2006). Wide-Range Integrated Gas Sensor Interface Based on a Resistance-to-Number Converter Technique with the Oscillator Decoupled from the Input Device. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS ‘06). Kos, Greece, May 2006, p. 4395-4398, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISBN: 9780780393899, doi: 10.1109/ISCAS.2006.1693603

  55. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2005). A 0.1% Accuracy 100Ohm-20MOhm Dynamic Range Integrated Gas Sensor Interface Circuit with 13+4 Bit Digital Output. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE European Solid-State Circuits Conference (ESSCIRC ‘05). Grenoble, France, 12-16 September 2005, p. 351-354, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), doi: 10.1109/ESSCIR.2005.1541632

  56. P. Malcovati, M. Grassi, F. Borghetti, V. Ferragina, A. Baschirotto (2005). Design and Characterization of a 5-Decade Range Integrated Resistive Gas Sensor Interface with 13-Bit A/D Converter. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Sensors (Sensors ‘05). Irvine, USA, October 2005, p. 472-475, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), doi: 10.1109/ICSENS.2005.1597738

  57. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2005). Flexible High-Accuracy Wide-Range Gas Sensor Interface for Portable Environmental Nosing Purpose. In: -. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS ‘05). Kobe, Japan, May 2005, p. 5385-5388, Piscataway:The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), doi: 10.1109/ISCAS.2005.1465853

  58. 41 2004 M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2004). A High-Precision Wide-Range Front-End for Resistive Gas Sensor Arrays. In: Eurosensors Digest of Technical Papers (Eurosensors '04). Rome, Italy, September 2004, p. 409-410, Rome:EUROSENSORS.

  59. Short chapter contributions

  60. F. Conso, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2012). A Very Large Dynamic Range Integrated Interface Circuit for Heterogeneous Resistive Gas Sensors Matrix Read-Out. In: A. D’Amico, C. Di Natale, L. Mosiello, G. Zappa. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 271-277, Dordrecht: Springer, ISBN: 9781461409342, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0935-9_46

  61. L. Picolli, M. Grassi, M. Ferri, P. Malcovati (2011). A Low Noise 32-Channel CMOS Read-Out Circuit for X-Ray Silicon Drift Chamber Detectors. In: G. Neri, N. Donato, A. D'Amico, C. Di Natale. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 259-263, Dordrecht:Springer, ISBN: 9789400713239, doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-1324-6_40

  62. M. Ferri, D. Pinna, M. Grassi, E. Dallago, P. Malcovati (2011). Power Management Systems for Photovoltaic Energy Harvesters. In: G. Neri, N. Donato, A. D'Amico, C. Di Natale. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 253-257, Dordrecht:Springer, ISBN: 9789400713239, doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-1324-6_39

  63. A. Lombardi, M. Grassi, L. Bruno, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto (2009). An Integrated Gas-Sensing Interface Circuit with Embedded Temperature Control Loop for SnO2 Sensors. In: C. Di Natale, A. D'Amico, E. Martinelli, R. Paolesse. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 498-505, SINGAPORE:World Scientific, ISBN: 9789812835970

  64. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, G. De Iaco, A. Baschirotto (2008). An Integrated Wide-Range Resistance-to-Time Converter with Decoupled Oscillator . In: A. G Mignani, R. Falciai, C. Di Natale, A. D'Amico. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 637-642, SINGAPORE:World Scientific, ISBN: 9789812833525

  65. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, S. Capone, L. Francioso, P. Siciliano, A. Baschirotto (2008). Gas Sensing System Consisting in MOX-Based Microsensors Interfaced to a Novel Integrated 5-Decade Dynamic Range Front-End. In: P. Siciliano, S. Capone, C. Di Natale, A. D'Amico. Sensors and Microsystems. p. 272-277, SINGAPORE:World Scientific, ISBN: 9789812793386

  66. Congress proceedings

  67. F. Conso, M. Grassi, L. Picolli, D. Cartasegna, A. Donida, G. Rescio, G. F. Regnicoli, G. Perretti and P. Malcovati, "Sistema Multi-Sensore Integrato di UmiditÓ, Temperatura e Radiazione Luminosa per la TracciabilitÓ dei Prodotti Alimentari e la Certificazione di QualitÓ", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Monopoli, Italy, pp. 57-58, September 2012.

  68. F. Conso, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati and A. Baschirotto, "Circuito di Interfaccia Integrato ad Ampia Dinamica per la Lettura di Matrici Eterogenee di Sensori di Gas Resistivi", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Genova, Italy, pp. 107-108, September 2011.

  69. F. Conso, E. Dallago, A. Danioni, M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, M. Marchesi, V. Nucita and G. Venchi, "Circuito Integrato di Interfaccia CMOS a Cicli Multipli per Sistemi di Energy Harvesting Elettromagnetici", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Genova, Italy, pp. 105-106, September 2011.

  70. L. Amati, M. Feroci, F. Frontera, C. Labanti, A. Vacchi, A. Argan, R. Campana, E. Costa, R. Ruffini, I. Bombaci, E. Del Monte, I. Donnarumma, A. Drago, Y. Evangelista, R. Farinelli, G. Ghirlanda, G. Ghisellini, C. Guidorzi, F. Fuschino, F. Lazzarotto, D. Lazzati, P. Malcovati, M. Marisaldi, E. Morelli, F. Muleri, M. Orlandini, L. Pacciani, E. Pian, M. Rapisarda, A. Rubini, R. Salvaterra, P. Soffitta, L. Titarchuk, A. Traci, A. Rashevsky, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, N. Auricchio, A. Basili, E. Caroli, E. Maiorano, N. Masetti, L. Nicastro, E. Palazzi, S. Silvestri, J. B. Stephen and J. Braga, "A Proposed Italian Contribution to the MIRAX Scientific Payload", Nuovo Cimento C, Proceedings of Workshop on Science with the New Generation of High Energy Gamma-ray Experiments (SCINEGHE '10), Trieste, Italy, vol. 34, pp. 49-55, May 2011.

  71. M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati, A. Leone, G. Diraco, P. Siciliano, M. Malfatti and L. Gonzo, "An Indoor 3D ToF Based People Fall-Detector Validated by a Wearable Wireless Accelerometer", Forum Italiano Ambient Assisted Living Book of Abstracts (ForItAAL '10), Trento, Italy, pp. 98-99, October 2010.

  72. M. Ferri, D. Pinna, M. Grassi, E. Dallago and P. Malcovati, "Sistemi di Power Management per Energy Haversters Fotovoltaici", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Gaeta, Italy, pp. 58-59, September 2010.

  73. L. Picolli, M. Grassi and P. Malcovati, "Circuito Integrato di Read-Out a Basso Rumore con 32 Canali per Rivelatori di Raggi X a Deriva", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Gaeta, Italy, pp. 56-57, September 2010.

  74. M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, P. Malcovati, G. Diraco, A. Leone, P. Siciliano, M. Malfatti and L. Gonzo, "A Wearable Wireless MEMS Accelerometer as Validating Device for 3D Camera Based People Fall Detector within Ambient Assisted Living Application Context", Proceedings of MEMS in Italy Workshop (MEMSIT '10), Otranto, Italy, pp. S10_1, June 2010.

  75. A. Lombardi, G. Rescio, M. Grassi and P. Malcovati, "A Wearable Wireless Device for Fall Detection Based on a MEMS Accelerometer for Multi-Sensor Ambient Assisted Living Applications", Forum Italiano Ambient Assisted Living Book of Abstracts (ForItAAL '09), Lecce, Italy, pp. 91-92, September 2009.

  76. L. Picolli, M. Grassi, L. Rosson, P. Malcovati and A. Fornasari, "Circuito Integrato di Interfaccia per Microfoni MEMS Basato su un Modulatore Sigma-Delta del Quarto Ordine", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Salerno, Italy, pp. 151-152, September 2009.

  77. D. Cartasegna, A. Cito, F. Conso, A. Donida, M. Grassi, L. Malvasi, G. Rescio and P. Malcovati, "Etichetta RFID Intelligente Multi-Sensore per il Monitoraggio di Prodotti Alimentari", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Salerno, Italy, pp. 71-72, September 2009.

  78. A. Lombardi, M. Grassi, L. Bruno, P. Malcovati and A. Baschirotto, "Sistema Integrato per il Controllo di Temperatura e la Lettura di Sensori di Gas a Ossido Metallico", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Roma, Italy, pp. 89-90, September 2008.

  79. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, G. Rescio, C. Distante, A. Leone, G. Diraco, P. Siciliano, M. Malfatti, L. Gonzo, G. Potamianos, J. Huang and V. Libal, "Sistema Hardware-Software per il Rilevamento Affidabile di Cadute di Persone Anziane in Ambiente Domestico", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Roma, Italy, pp. 87-88, September 2008.

  80. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, L. Francioso, P. Siciliano and A. Baschirotto, "Caratterizzazione di una Matrice 5x5 di Sensori di Gas SnO2 per Mezzo di un ASIC Dedicato con Moltiplicatore di Canale di Acquisizione", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Torino, Italy, pp. 117-118, September 2007.

  81. M. Grassi, A. Lombardi, P. Malcovati and A. Baschirotto, "Circuito Integrato di Interfaccia a Basso Costo ed Ampio Range Dinamico per Sensori di Gas Resistivi con Uscita Digitale a 16 Bit", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, L’Aquila, Italy, pp. 105-106, September 2006.

  82. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati and A. Baschirotto, "Circuito di Interfaccia Integrato per Schiere di Sensori di Gas Resistivi con 5.3 Decadi di Range Dinamico, 0.1% di Accuratezza e Uscita Digitale 13+4 Bit", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Palermo, Italy, pp. 115-116, September 2005.

  83. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati and A. Baschirotto, "Front-End di Precisione ad Ampio Range Dinamico Ottimizzato per Sensori di Gas di Tipo Resistivo", Atti della Riunione Annuale GMEE, Crema, Italy, pp. 79-80, September 2004.

  84. M. Grassi, P. Malcovati, A. Baschirotto, "Front-end di Precisione ad Ampio Range Dinamico per Sensori di Gas Resistivi", Memorie della Riunione Annuale GE, Courmayeur, Italy, June 2004.

Supervised thesis works

  1. Claudio De Berti, "Interfaccia I2C per la Lettura e la Programmazione del Circuito Integrato di Controllo di una Matrice di Sensori di Gas", 2012, M.Sc.
  2. Mattia Ferraris, "Progettazione e Ottimizzazione di un Sensore Accelerometrico Wireless Indossabile", 2012, M.Sc.
  3. Gabriele Rescio, "Integrated Microsystems for Safety Applications", [Netcarity European Project], 2010, Ph.D.
  4. Michele Casubolo, "Progettazione di un Convertitore A/D ad Approssimazioni Successive a 10 Bit in Grado di Risolvere 2 Bit per Ciclo", 2009, M.Sc.
  5. Ornella Singarella, "Progettazione di un ADC Algoritmico a Basso Consumo di Potenza per Microsensori Integrati", 2009, M.Sc.
  6. Andrea Lombardi, "A Fully Integrated Wide Dynamic-Range Read-Out and Temperature Control Circuit for Microhotplate Thin Film Gas Sensors", 2008, Ph.D.
  7. Luciano Malvasi, "Progettazione di un Riferimento di Tensione e di un Sensore di Temperatura a Basso Consumo di Potenza in Tecnologia CMOS", 2008, M.Sc.
  8. Gabriele Rescio, "Progettazione di un Circuito Integrato di Interfaccia a 16 Bit per Sensori Capacitivi a Basso Consumo di Potenza e Basso Rumore", 2007, M.Sc.
  9. Fabrizio Conso, "Progettazione di un Circuito di Interfaccia Misto Analogico-Digitale per Sensori Capacitivi di Umidità a Basso Consumo di Potenza", 2007, M.Sc.
  10. Luca Bruno, "Circuito Integrato di Interfaccia per il Controllo della Temperatura di Sensori di Gas a Ossido Metallico", 2007, M.Sc.
  11. Gianpiero De Iaco, "Studio di un Front-End ad Elevata Precisione per la Lettura di Sensori di Gas di Tipo Resistivo ad Ampio Range Dinamico", 2004, M.Sc.
This site was created on November 2006
 

Laboratorio di Microsistemi Integrati - Via A. Ferrata 1, 27100, Pavia, Italy